The flag of Sicily is the official flag of the Sicilian Region. The flag, whose origins date back to the thirteenth century.

Triscele, commonly called trinacria, is the historical symbol of Sicily. This is the representation of a being with three legs (from the Greek τρισκελής precisely).

It is a symbol of Indo-air origin, and has an articulated and complex history; it is similar to symbols of other ancient civilizations such as the Celts, and of different geographical areas of the planet, from central America to Mesopotamia and India.

After the discovery of a triscele in the area of Agrigento, in Palma di Montechiaro, it would be credible in particular the hypothesis of the Minoan origin of the first civilizations on the island, confirming what Omero said, namely that Minos, who had left Knossos in pursuit of Daedalus, he landed in Sicily. This terracotta Triscele is kept in the Archaeological Museum of Agrigento.

In the Sicilian flag stands the symbol of a female head with three legs bent (trisele) and moved directly from the head. In heraldry this representation takes the name of trinacria.

The head clearly refers to the gorgons, monsters of monstrous Greek mythology, wings of gold, hands with bronze claws, boar tusks and snakes instead of hair.

They were three and represented perversions: Eurial represented sexual perversion, Steno the moral perversion and Medusa (the most famous, only mortal among the three and guardian of the Underworld) intellectual perversion.

In ancient times the name of Sicily was that of Triquetra or Trinacria. This is because, unlike the classic round shape of all the other islands, Sicily has a strange geographic configuration. It is characterized by three promontories, Pachino, Peloro and Lilibeo and three vertices that almost instinctively refer to the triangle.

And it is probably in Hellenistic times that the Greek culture, full of gods, demigods and mythological monsters, conjoined the symbol of the gorgon with three legs attached directly to the head slowly associating it with our land and the mysteries that enveloped it (if I’m not mistaken the end of the world with lots of columns of hercules were much closer to Sicily than we can imagine today).

But why was the head of a gorgon used?

The question that some of you may ask is: but why, if the religious significance of the trinacria was gone, did you continue to use a mystical image like that of the gorgon?

The Gorgon, my friends, is a typically Sicilian detail.
In all other representations, the legs were tied together by a circle or a point.

And the “Trichetria” is strongly linked to Eastern Greek mythology. Our ancestors used to decorate temples, vases and houses with masks and picturesque depictions to ward off, remove or cancel out evil influences. Just like the gesture of the horns we use to exorcise evil.

For the Sicilian doc, religious and superstitious by family tradition, trinacria is a lucky charm talisman.

See you in Sicily 🙂